We all have our mother tongue which we use commonly to communicate with our parents, family members, friends who know that language, etc. Language has been almost for thousands of years. Earlier tribal people used to communicate using body language signs. So, nonverbal communication was the main source of communication between people. With time, they started presenting their ideas, thoughts, and feelings through pictures on sculptures. But, as time passed people started understanding the need for a language. So, that’s how languages started forming, and people started speaking and writing on stones, walls, etc. So, since years many languages have evolved. So, whatever language you currently speak the most is evolved from the language which your ancestors used to communicate with others. Sounds interesting
So, whatever language you currently speak the most is evolved from the language which your ancestors used to communicate with others. that’s must be Sounds interesting, right? Today, a lot of researchers study for different pieces of evidence to find out the oldest languages in the world. So, today we have gathered a list of top 7 oldest languages in the world. So, get ready and check out the ancient history of the oldest languages in the world.
This is one of the oldest Indian languages belonging to the Dravidian language family. Now, you may ask what Dravidian language family is? Well, Dravidian language family is a set of languages spoken in countries like India and its surrounding countries, but it’s mostly spoken in South India and northern Sri Lanka. Coming back to the Tamil language, this language has native speakers of about 78 million. It’s the official language of Tamil Nadu (a state in India). This language is also native to Sri Lanka where the Tamil speaking people are known as Sri Lankan Tamils. The earliest Tamil literature – Sangam literature dates back to 300 BC. Even great Indian ancient classical language Sanskrit, didn’t continue much among the normal people, whereas Tamil continued to develop thus making it most common and oldest language in the world today.
Greek is an ancient language. It’s also a branch of Indo- European language family. It has over 13 million native speakers, and it’s mostly spoken in Greece, Albania, Turkey, Omogenia, and Italy. We all have seen in school textbooks, documentaries, how some great scientists, scholars, etc. used to use Greek on a regular basis. Even Greek is used a lot in Maths, for example, The Pi is represented as “π.” Yes, “π” is a Greek letter used to represent the Pi since mid-18th century.
Almost 1.2 billion people speak this language, and it’s a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Chinese is mainly Native to China, Taiwan, and Singapore. Chinese written records date back almost 3,000 years ago that is during the time of Shang dynasty. Chinese is a very old growing language, and it’s still preferred has the first language by most number of people in the world.
Latin is a very old language which was mostly spoken in the Italian Peninsula. With time, due to the power of the Roman Republic, it was the language in the whole Roman Empire. It’s a part of the Indo-European language family and it also has shaped the English language by contributing words to it. The Latin language is the official language of Vatican City and Poland. It actually first appeared around 75 BC at the time of the Roman Empire.
Hebrew is the official language of Israel. In today’s time, almost 9 million people speak the language Hebrew. The Hebrew language belongs to the Afrosiatic language family. The earliest example of Herbew language was found in around 10th Century BCE. Earlier, this language was spoken by Israelites and their ancestors. It started as an almost everyday spoken language between 200-400 CE. It’s also said that out of the total 9 million Hebrew speakers, 5 million Hebrew speakers live in Israel only.
Arabic is part of a Central Semitic language family. Arabic comes under the topmost 6 spoken languages in the world by having 422 million speakers worldwide which include both native and non-native speakers. Arabic has the mixture of words of many other languages, such as Greek, Persian, Aramaic, Hebrew, etc. The first Arabic inscription traces back to almost 512 CE. It’s also the official language of 28 states. It has a great influence on common other famous languages around the globe, such as Hindi, Kazakh, Urdu, Pashto, Tagalog, Sindhi, Indonesian, Malay, Hausa, Kurdish, Bosnian, Turkish, and Persian, etc.
Sanskrit is one of the oldest classical ancient languages of India. Many Indian languages such as Marathi, Telugu, etc are influenced by Sanskrit. It’s also the official language of one of the states in India called Uttarakhand. It’s a part of Indo-European language family. It has great written documentations for proof that it has existed for nearly 2000 years. Sanskrit comes under the 22 scheduled languages of India. Though it is not much used now but still according to 2001 census of India, there are total 14,135 native Sanskrit speakers, 1,234,931 consider it as their second language and 3,742,223, consider it their third language making total around 5 million speakers. It’s even known as the “language of gods” has at the time of Mahabharata, Ramayana, Krishna, etc Sanskrit was an official language and it remained till the time of Kalidas. Sanskrit is even taught in Indian Schools.