Are you affected by the pandemic deficiency disease known as diabetes mellitus or simply diabetes? If so, you should consider taking some tips from this article on how to control and prevent the occurrence of diabetes. About 29.1 million people in the US and about 8.8% of the world’s population suffers from diabetes.

How to control Diabetes

What are the causes of Diabetes Mellitus? Is Diabetes curable? 

Among the myriad types of diabetes known to mankind, type 1 and type 2 diabetes are the most prevalent. The causes for them are thus:

How to control Diabetes

Type 1

This type of diabetes occurs when the WBCs in the body attack and destroy the beta cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. As a consequence of low insulin in the body, one’s blood sugar shoots up and damages his or her vital organs. This type of diabetes is also called juvenile or early-onset diabetes because it occurs during childhood or teenage years. 

Scientists have found out that Type 1 diabetes is caused due to genes (inheritance) and certain viral infections. 

Type 2

Type 2 diabetes is caused due to insulin resistance. The insulin receptors in the cells of your body become closed and do not intake the insulin produced. As a consequence, the insulin produced is rendered useless and blood sugar heads northwards. This is the most common type of diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is caused due to a variety of factors. They are:

  • Obesity.
  • Insulin resistance.
  • High BP.
  • Dyslipidemia (high levels of LDL and HDL).
  • Gestational diabetes.
  • A solitary lifestyle.
  • Inheritance.
  • Aging.
  • Hormonal diseases like Cushing’s syndrome, Acromegaly, Hyperthyroidism.

When there is an overload of certain hormones in the body like cortisol (stress hormone) or growth hormones or thyroid hormone, it can cause insulin resistance and thereby Type 2 diabetes.

There is no cure for diabetes available. It is only possible to control it well. If a person controls diabetes well, his body will show no signs of diabetes, though the disease is technically still present. This state is known as ‘remission’. If it occurs for more than 5 years on end, it is known as ‘prolonged remission’. 

Diabetes can be controlled by the following methods. 

Insulin injections

Since type 1 diabetes is caused due to a lack of insulin in the body. Taking insulin injections is the ideal way to control type 1 diabetes. 

Taking Verapamil tablets 

Verapamil tablets reduce one’s BP. Since high BP aggravates the symptoms of type 2 diabetes, reducing one’s BP will control type 2 diabetes. It is to be noted that this tablet is not FDA approved to control type 2 diabetes although it is FDA approved to control high BP (BP tablet). 

Taking a balanced diet

A fiber-rich diet degrades the digestion of sugars and carbs. Hence, it controls blood sugar levels. Whole grain, wheat, barley, berries, and carrots are some of the fiber-rich foods.  

Watching comedy movies or listening to soothing music

The stress hormone, cortisol, also aggravates type 2 diabetes. The insulin resistance of one’s cells heightens if one is stressed. 

Listening to soothing music or watching comedy movies will relieve one’s stress and will help control type 2 diabetes. I’m sure that you’ll all take this advice whether you have type 2 diabetes or not. After all, life is too short to be taken seriously. 

 

What are the different types of Diabetes? Are they hereditary?

There are myriad types of diabetes known to mankind but these three are the most commonly occurring types of diabetes.

can Diabetes eat dates

Type 1

This type of diabetes is caused when the WBCs in your body attack and destroy the beta cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. This can be caused due to genetic factors or due to certain types of viral infections. 

Type 2

This type of diabetes is caused when the cells in your body develop a resistance to insulin. Their insulin receptors become closed and they do not intake the insulin that is being produced by the pancreas. As a consequence, the insulin produced is rendered useless and blood sugar increases.  

Obesity, high-stress levels, high HDL and LDL levels, genetic factors, hormonal imbalances, and aging are the most common causes of type 2 diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes

This type of diabetes occurs only in women and that too only during pregnancy. During pregnancy, a woman’s body produces certain hormones that enhance insulin resistance. Hence, a temporary type 2 diabetes develops. This temporary diabetes ceases immediately after childbirth. 

Some scientists believe that genetics, certain harmful bacteria and viruses, and one’s own harmful lifestyle like prostitution, smoking, and drinking can cause Type 1 and 2 Diabetes Mellitus autoimmune disease. Gestational Diabetes, however, is neither permanent not hereditary. It is just a temporary condition that occurs during pregnancy.

 

What are the first common signs of diabetes? What should you do if you show the symptoms?

You must take precautions and do lab tests if you exhibit the following symptoms. The first symptoms of diabetes are:

How to control Diabetes

  • Frequent urination

When there is excess sugar in the body, the body removes the excess sugar via urine. This most often happens at night. Frequent urination can be a sign that there is excess sugar in your body due to diabetes. 

fruits for Diabetes

When there is excess sugar in the body, the body removes the excess sugar via urine. This most often happens at night. Frequent urination can be a sign that there is excess sugar in your body due to diabetes. 

  • Increased thirst

How to control Diabetes

Frequent urination leads to low water levels in your body and sometimes even to dehydration. Therefore, a person suffering from diabetes will feel thirsty often as he needs to replenish his water level. 

  • Increased hunger

can Diabetes eat dates

People suffering from type 2 diabetes suffer from constant hunger as their cells do not absorb glucose very well. Therefore they need to eat more to absorb normal levels of glucose. This overeating can cause obesity, heart problems among other health problems. 

  • Fatigue

How to control Diabetes

Since people suffering from type 2 diabetes do not absorb glucose very well, they do not get enough energy from metabolizing glucose. Hence, they feel tired often. 

  • Blurred vision

How to control Diabetes

Excess amounts of sugar in the body can damage the blood vessels and retina in the eyes. Hence, the vision becomes blurred. In most cases, this is only a temporary phenomenon and the eyesight comes back to normal once the blood sugar level comes back to normal. 

If the blood sugar level crosses the 400 marks, then it may result in permanent blindness if not treated soon. 

  • Slow healing of cuts and wounds

what fruits are good for diabetics

High sugar levels in the body decrease blood circulation and reduce the production of the heparin pigment, responsible for clotting the blood. Hence, even small cuts take a long time to heal for diabetic patients. 

  • Numbness in hands and feet

Diabetic people experience numbness in their hands and feet due to high sugar levels. They do not feel pain in those parts of their bodies. This numbness can spread to other parts of the body if not treated. 

  • Dark skin

what fruits are good for diabetics

Patches of dark skin forming on the creases of the neck, armpit, or groin can indicate diabetes disease. The patches of dark skin will be very soft. This skin condition is known as Acanthosis Nigricans 

  • Low libido

Diabetic men will have low testosterone levels and diabetic women will have low estrogen levels in their bodies. Thus they will have low libido. 

If you show any of the above-mentioned symptoms, kindly consult a doctor to check if you have Diabetes of any kind and then take the medicines as prescribed by the doctor if tested positive. Kindly do not leave anything to chance and ignore the symptoms.

 

Can diabetes be reversed and if so, how? How do I get rid of Diabetes? 

Diabetes cannot be cured (I know that it’s a bummer but that’s the fact) but it can be controlled very well for a very long time (in the order of years) by following certain routines. How to control diabetes? Here is how you can:

fruits for Diabetes

  • Eating a low-calorie diet

High-calorie intake leads to fat accumulation in the body. High-fat content in the body aggravates insulin resistance of the cells in our body. Therefore it aggravates the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. 

Following a low-calorie diet (625 to 825 calories per day) slows down the accumulation of fat in our body and thereby reduces the symptoms of type 2 diabetes.    

can Diabetes eat dates

  • Exercising

list of foods for Diabetes

By exercising, we are burning the fat in our bodies and thereby reducing the insulin resistance shown by our cells. Therefore the symptoms of type 2 diabetes are curtailed. 

  • Fasting 

Fasting is another great way to burn the fat reserves in your body and weaken the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. The insulin resistance of our cells dwindles when we burn our fat reserves. 

  • Eating a fiber-rich diet

Fiber degrades the absorption of sugar by our cells. Therefore our blood sugar levels remain normal. The unused sugar in our bodies is then flushed out via urine.   

  • Taking insulin injections

Since type 1 diabetes is caused due to low insulin levels in our bodies, taking insulin supplements is the ideal way to control type 1 diabetes. 

  • Listening to melodious music or watching comedy movies 

Both of these methods reduce our stress levels. Therefore the cortisol hormone levels in our bodies are reduced and the insulin resistance of our cells goes down. Therefore the symptoms of type 2 diabetes are curtailed.

Many nutrition experts like Erika Panzer Kerekes recommend taking a low-calorie diet and exercising to reduce the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. 

 

What are the tips for leading Diabetes free life? Are they cost-effective and simple to implement? 

By following this routine, you can lead a diabetes-free life. I’m sure that this will be a stress reliever for you. These routines are quite economical and affordable for the middle class. They are easy to follow. They are:

list of foods for Diabetes

  • Checking the risk of getting diabetes at a local clinic or hospital and taking precautionary measures as advised by the doctor. A risk score of 12 and above indicates a high possibility of getting diabetes. 
  • Exercising or fasting regularly will reduce one’s fat and weight and in turn the insulin resistance posed by one’s cells. Therefore the symptoms of type 2 diabetes are reduced. Eating a low-calorie diet also helps reduce one’s fat reserves. 
  • Limit ordering food from restaurants. Take away foods are usually high in fat, calories and salt. Not eating them can prevent the accumulation of fat and high B.P. Therefore the insulin resistance of cells is reduced and cortisol levels remain low. Thereby the symptoms of type 2 diabetes are reduced. 
  • Avoid smoking. Smokers are twice as likely to get diabetes of any kind as people with clean habits.   
  • Consult a doctor regularly. Frequently check your sugar and BP levels to prevent diabetes of any kind and BP issues.

 

What are the common medicines taken for diabetes mellitus? As per the latest research/trends. 

There are many types of Diabetes known to mankind and they have many different medications for them. Here, we are only going to discuss the common medicines taken for the most common type of Diabetes.

How to control Diabetes

Type 1

Since type 1 diabetes is caused due to low insulin levels. Augmenting insulin by taking insulin injections is the ideal way to control type 1 diabetes.

Type 2

This kind of diabetes is caused due to insulin resistance by our cells. They do not absorb the insulin produced by our pancreas well. Thus the insulin produced is rendered useless and sugar levels remain high. 

Stress hormones like cortisol and high-fat content in our bodies aggravate the insulin resistance shown by our cells. Taking a low-calorie diet, exercising or fasting regularly, eating fiber-rich foods, and watching comedy movies or listening to melodious music will curtail the symptoms (control) of type 2 diabetes.

Amylinomimetic drugs like Pramlintide increase the time taken for digestion. Therefore they reduce hunger and sugar cravings and keep blood sugar levels under control.

Other kinds of drugs like Biguanides reduce glucose production and absorption by our bodies, thereby keeping blood sugar levels under control. Consuming these kinds of drugs will be beneficial for type 2 diabetes patients. The insulin resistance shown by cells won’t matter if there is a low sugar level in the body.    

Gestational Diabetes

Since this is a temporary type 2 diabetes caused during pregnancy, the routine recommended for permanent type 2 diabetes works well here too.

 

Which fruits are good for Diabetes? Are citrus fruits good for Diabetes?

There are no best fruits for diabetes. Diabetic patients of any type can eat any kind of fruit so long as it’s natural. Hurray! I’m glad due to this fact. Aren’t you? Eating processed fruits enhances the absorption of sugar by our bodies. If diabetic patients consume processed fruits, they need to take insulin injections or do exercise to bring back their sugar levels to normal.

what fruits are good for diabetics

 

What are the best foods for a diabetic patient? Are there vegetarian options available?

Don’t worry. The list is not too restrictive. Here is the list of foods for diabetes affected people. 

Leafy green vegetables

fruits for Diabetes

Leafy green vegetables like lettuce, cabbage, caeley, etcetera. have a lot of vitamins and minerals. They are low on calories and digestible carbs. Hence, they do not increase your fat or calorie reserves. 

Low-fat content in the body implies low resistance to insulin by the cells in our body. Hence, in a way, leafy green vegetables control the symptoms of diabetes type 2. 

Cinnamon 

Cinnamon is a spice with antioxidant properties. Research has also shown that cinnamon curtails the production of glucose in our bodies and diminishes the insulin resistance shown by our cells.

Eggs

Eggs are packed with nutrients and take a long time to digest. Hence, they reduce hunger and sugar cravings. It also improves insulin sensitivity. It is the ideal breakfast and lunch item for people suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Chia seeds

Chia seeds are high in fiber and low in digestible carbs. The fiber in them reduces the absorption of sugar by our bodies and since they have a lot of indigestible carbs, they do not add to our calorie and fat reserves. They are another ideal food item for people suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Turmeric

fruits for Diabetes

Turmeric contains a substance known as curcumin. This substance slackens the production of glucose in our bodies. It also improves our kidneys’ health. This substance is absorbed more effectively when it is mixed with another substance known as piperine, found in black pepper.

Greek Yogurt 

This dairy product has high levels of calcium and Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA). It is also rich in probiotics. It lessens the glucose produced by our bodies and also decreases the insulin resistance posed by our cells. It is another ideal breakfast item for people suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Nuts 

Nuts are low in digestible carbs and also reduce the HDL and LDL levels in our bodies. Thus they curtail the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. 

Broccoli 

Broccoli is a negative calorie food that depletes our fat reserves when digested. It also protects our organs from free radicals during digestion. It is packed with vitamins and proteins and is low in calories. 

By depleting our fat reserves, broccoli reduces the insulin resistance posed by our cells and thereby diminishes the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. 

Extra Virgin Olive Oil

It contains oleic acid, a type of monounsaturated fat. Oleic acid reduces HDL levels in our bodies and thereby reduces the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. 

Strawberries

fruits for Diabetes

Strawberries are rich in a particular type of antioxidant known as anthocyanin that gives them their red color. They are negative calorie food that diminishes our fat reserves. They are rich in vitamins and fiber and reduce the levels of bad cholesterol in our bodies.  

By depleting our fat reserves, they are increasing our insulin sensitivity and reducing the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. 

Garlic

It is a wonderful herb that reduces the production of glucose in our bodies. It also dwindles the LDL levels in our bodies and our BP. Hence, it curtails the symptoms of type 2 diabetes to a great extent. One garlic contains only 4 calories and 1 gram of carbs. Hence, it also does not add to our fat and calorie reserves. 

Tomatoes

Tomatoes contain a substance known as lycopene that reduces BP. By eliminating one of the causes of type 2 diabetes, they curtail their symptoms as well. 

Beans 

Beans are rich in protein, fiber, and minerals like Magnesium and Potassium. The fiber in them degrades the absorption of glucose by our bodies. Hence, they maintain our blood sugar levels to normal and reduce the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. The excess blood sugar is flushed out via urine. 

Barley 

Barley is rich in antioxidants and insoluble fiber. Like beans, the fiber in them degrades the absorption of glucose by our bodies and controls our blood sugar levels. It also depletes the levels of bad cholesterol in our bodies. Try having barley bread for breakfast and see what happens. 

Whole grains

Have high amounts of fiber that degrades the absorption of glucose by our bodies. Hence, our blood sugar remains in check and the excess sugar is expelled via urine.

Citrus fruits 

Are packed with vitamins and contain no carbs. They are rich in flavonoid antioxidants like hesperidin and naringin, which eradicate all the causes of type 2 diabetes-like insulin resistance, hypertension, excess glucose production, etcetera. 

They are the ideal fruit that type 2 diabetes patients can have. Citrus fruits are also rich in Vitamin C, Folate, and Potassium. 

 

Conclusion: 

Prevention is always better than cure. Right from childhood does regular checkups with your doctor to see if you have a high probability of getting any type of diabetes. 

If so, follow the above-mentioned diets and routines to prevent getting type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is not a curable disease. So I’m sure that none of you would want to risk getting it. 

 

FAQs: 

1. Can one stop taking insulin?

Yes, if one is on a low carb diet and exercises regularly.

2. Apart from blood sugar what other parameters should diabetic people keep in check?

Blood Pressure and bad cholesterol are the other two important parameters diabetic people should keep under check. 

3. Which organs are most affected by type 2 diabetes?

The kidneys, eyes, blood vessels, and nerves are the most affected by type 2 diabetes. 

4. What is diabetes insipidus?

It is a disease in which our kidneys are unable to conserve water. It results in frequent and dilutes urination and water loss from our bodies. 

As a consequence, we feel thirsty all the time and need to urinate most of the time. This condition is quite severe and different from diabetes mellitus.

5. Can diabetic patients eat dates?

Yes, diabetic patients can eat dates just like they can eat any other fruit but they must exercise regularly or take appropriate medications to control their blood sugar levels later. 

Are you presently suffering from any type of Diabetes? If so, how are you dealing with it? Please leave a comment in the comment section below.