Intelligence involves the cognitive abilities that one possesses. It involves abilities such as memory, reasoning, understanding of various aspects of life, and efficiency of thought processes.
It is generally seen that Intelligence and IQ are used interchangeably but the research has proved that IQ involves other things along with intelligence such as genetic influences, maternal influences, family environment, and childhood background, etc.
IQ, which stands for, Intelligence Quotient, is measured based on IQ tests scores. Through extensive research in the field of IQ and intelligence, a large number of IQ tests have been developed.
IQ test (https://iq-global-test.com/) aims to measure the intelligence level a person has and the general ability to perform various tasks. General ability includes a person’s capacity to adapt him/herself to changing demands of the environment, ability to attain and retain knowledge, ability to assess and direct one’s thought processes, capacity to judge the situation and to take the right decision accordingly and to comprehend and maintain the work as well as personal relationships.
Learning, on the other hand, is like a behavioral journey. Successful learning brings desirable personality development. It ensures favorable changes in the behavior of a person.
When it comes to actual activity involving learning it becomes very difficult to maintain the difference between intelligence and learning. Research studies have shown very little difference between intelligence and learning when the participants were assessed based on their IQ scores and ability to learn. Research has shown a strong correlation between intelligence and learning.
Such research development has served as a useful guideline for educators to focus on enhancing the intelligence level of students if they want to enhance their ability to gain and retain knowledge.
It is also shown that the learning capacity of students increases drastically when educators and teachers use intellectually rewarding techniques and methods such as gamification and self-paced learning.
Role of Intelligence in Learning
Intelligence includes the power of understanding. Those who are intelligent are considered to have a better understanding of the world. Intelligent people are also considered to have a better ability to comprehend and solve the problem under discussion.
Some researchers have also described intelligence as the mental adaptability to new and ever-changing conditions of life. Some psychologists have described it as natural brightness, inherited capacity, and learning acquisition.
An intelligent learning environment is a known educational method where learners are provided with a problem to solve. In this method, the learners are asked to solve the asked problem according to their capacity.
This method is an effective tool to increase the problem-solving ability of an individual. It is generally used to train learner pilots using a flight simulator.
Effective learning ensures the successful maintenance of knowledge. If a person is unable to attain and retain the knowledge, he/she will never have much to think and evaluate in life. Successful storage of information in the memory allows the person to understand the situation.
Understanding is increased by effective and successful learning and understanding is also a part of intelligence. Without understanding the available information is of no use.
Whatever learning technique a teacher may use, both intelligence and learning ability are important. Teaching and learning practices are conditioned by intelligence. In other words, Intelligence serves as a basis for learning. The degree of intelligence and the effectiveness of learning is directly proportional to one another.
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High Intelligence VS Low Intelligence
It is an accepted truth that students with high intelligence levels are easier to teach. They learn easily and understand the directions easily. While on the other hand, students having low Intelligence levels find it difficult to learn the information easily.
Teachers are required to think about using teaching methods involving a deeper level of thinking and understanding depending on the intelligence of students. Bright students easily grasp the teaching methods involving deep thinking, understanding, and problem-solving.
Intelligence and Grades
Higher intelligence has also proven to be linked with better grades. Students with high intelligence do not require much drill work. They gather the knowledge better. Their minds have a better capacity to retain the knowledge. Thus, they bring better grades as compared to less intelligent students.
An intelligent student can bring good grades in school, college, and university with an average amount of time and energy.
How Learners can enhance Intelligence
Given the direct and close relationship between intelligence and learning, teachers are required to maximize the learning opportunities for their students. Technology-based learning can be an effective tool to ensure real learning. For instance, using Learning Management System (LMS) in the present times has proven to be a good tool that integrates technology, learning, and flexibility.
Teachers need to involve students in activities that can polish their problem-solving skills. Teachers can provide students with real-life problems and ask about their opinions on how they will cater to the problem.
Teachers can socialize with the students. Teachers who are friendly and easy to approach make learning an easy-going experience for the students.
Learning and Intelligence are directly proportional. Better learning is highly dependent on the intelligence of an individual. Intelligent individuals have a better understanding, they attain and retain the knowledge. They have better adaptability to changing environments.
Teachers must plan the learning processes by using such teaching methods that can enhance the learning ability of the students. They need to focus on such techniques and methods that can increase the students’ memory, mathematical ability, language ability, and logical ability.
Learning new information does not automatically increase IQ, but repeated exercise to enhance the intelligence level can increase the quality of learning. Children who are nurtured properly have a high intelligence level.
Teachers must take measures to boost the intelligence level of students. For younger students, the higher degree of intellectual stimulation in preschool tends to boost IQ levels. Children’s IQ levels can increase over time provided they perform the exercises required to enhance their intelligence.
No one can deny the link between intelligence and learning. The higher the intelligence the higher the learning.