In this surgery, the artificial teeth are implanted in your jaw and mouth. We start to lose our teeth with age. That is why the dentist implant new artificial teeth. These artificial teeth are made to look and feel like natural. It not only helps to preserve the aesthetic view of the mouth but also helps in keeping other teeth from moving out of their place. Dental implants are the best way to maintain the structure of your remaining teeth. Moreover, it helps in chewing the food.
It is done by replacing the root area of the missing tooth with screw-like posts where the artificial tooth can be implanted. The teeth just look like the natural teeth and a great alternative to wearing dentures. There are several steps involved in this surgery. These steps can be different depending on the kind of implant. Moreover, it depends on the health of your jawbone. These implants are done within the jawbone and serve as the roots for the artificial teeth. The metal, normally used in this procedure is titanium. Titanium is a good metal as it remains firmly in the place and does not decay.
Why You Need It?
There can be many possible reasons for an individual for needing a dental implant surgery. The reason is that you lose a tooth in an accident, or your jawbone is not strong enough. Or maybe you are not able to wear dentures. It does not mean that the whole procedure is 100% risk-free. There are also risks involved just like any medical procedure. The chances of these complications are very rare in dental surgery. You also need to be careful while recovering from your surgery to avoid any complication. The risks that are involved are damage to the lips, gums and surrounding teeth. You need to discuss the possible complication with the dentists before the surgery.
The procedure of The Surgery
The procedure involves an initial evaluation of your teeth which can involve teeth models, and x-rays to make sure you get the matching artificial teeth. In the next step, the dentist needs to know the condition of the jawbone depending on the number of teeth going to be replaced. Many dental specialists may need to check you for the planning process. You need to be patient as it is a very important step. If you have any medical condition discuss it with the doctor. You need to tell the doctor about the medications you are taking and your orthopedic and heart conditions. This information will help him prescribe the necessary antibiotics before the surgery.
Moreover, the doctor will discuss the surgical options for you and which will best for you. Also, he or she will tell what should you do or do not before the surgery. Also, you need to take full rest after the surgery procedure for faster recovery.
We have already told that this procedure involves many stages which are as follows:
- Removing the damaged tooth (If they have not come out already!)
- Bone grafting to make sure jawbone is ready for surgery
- Then wait for the jawbone to recover before implanting.
- After that some more time needed for the jawbone to heal. So the surgeon can attach the artificial teeth.
The whole procedure can take several months. The reason is, jawbone needs time to fully recover for the implant. If the jawbone is not strong enough then the implant will not work. That is why, the patient, needs patience throughout the procedure.
Bone grafting is a procedure in which the surgeon adds extra bones for the implant. These extra bones provide a solid foundation for the new artificial teeth. Maybe your current jawbone is soft or not thick enough for the procedure. Actually, when you chew, the jawbone provides the pressure. That is the way; the bones need to be strong to handle the pressure of chewing. Basically, in the surgery, a new bone is added to the jawbone which works as a base for the new tooth. This bone is taken from the upper or lower part of the jawbone or from another part of the body.
After that, it depends on the condition whether the bone needs to be healed or extra bones need to be added. This implant needs time for healing, so the doctor gives you denture to maintain the appearance of the tooth. You need to keep the denture clean all times. When the doctor implants the bone, it starts uniting with the surface. It helps the bone be a part of the natural gum line. This procedure can take three to nine months.
When the jawbone heals completely, it is time to install abutment. The abutment is basically working as a screw that implants on the jawbone and later attached to the artificial tooth. This procedure is simple than bone grafting and can be done with local anesthesia. It depends on the patient whether he or she wants to implant during the first implantation phase or install it in a second procedure. The surgeon opens your gumline and then attached the abutment to the dental implant. After that, the gum tissues take one to two weeks to completely heal.
Choosing Artificial Teeth
At the start of the article, we discuss choosing the type of artificial teeth. After bone grafting and abutment implantation, it is time to add new teeth to your mouth. These artificial teeth are made using mouth and remaining teeth. There are two types to choose from:
Removable Implant Prosthesis
These are just like the removable denture which you can remove, clean and replace easily. Moreover, it is a more secure and affordable option for people who needs multiple implants.
Fixed Implant Prosthesis
If you go for the fixed implant then remember, you will not be able to remove the teeth. They will be screwed permanently to the abutment. If you need several teeth to implant then it can be a very costly procedure.
There are very complications, you can face after the surgery which is as follows:
- Selling of the gums and face.
- Bruising of the skin or gums.
- Pain in the surgery area
If you facing the above-mentioned issues and condition is getting worse each day. Then, we will recommend you to contact your surgeon or dentist. The reason is that these minor issues can indicate larger issues that need to be addressed immediately. For faster recovery, the surgeon recommends post-surgery and will advise you to eat soft foods. Most of the dental surgeries are successful but there are still chances of complications. You can prevent them by:
- You need to floss and brush twice a day for oral hygiene.
- Also, you need to stay away from using tobacco as it can increase infection.
- Regularly, visit your dentist for the examination of your oral health.
- Do not chew ice or any hard candy.
Some people think that dental surgery heals immediately. In reality, it is like any other surgery so it needs time for recovery. You need to follow the advice of your surgeon to avoid any complication after the surgery. You need to take proper rest and avoid things that can damage your teeth.