Proper proofreading is the key to success in academic writing. Learn how to edit and correct your written pieces to submit only perfect term papers.
In the course of your education, you will, most likely, encounter many difficulties in trying to improve your essays. According to the essay writer service, there are various proofreading techniques that you can employ concerning different types of academic papers. For starters, you can use the following editing tips and see which of them work best for you.
What is Proofreading?
Proofreading refers to the practice of rereading academic papers in search of surface errors such as grammar, punctuation, and spelling mistakes. Upon the successful completion of any writing assignment, you will be expected to carefully review your written work and submit it only when it’s free of typos, logical inconsistencies, and tired language.
How to Proofread Academic Papers Effectively
Effective proofreading of college papers requires a great deal of patience and accuracy. You may proofread essays several times before you decide that they are satisfactory and meet all the requirements defined by your course instructor.
- Proofread your essay after a significant time break. This practice will facilitate getting some distance to the piece you’ve produced and enable more unbiased criticism of the composition of phrases, argumentation, as well as problem presentation techniques.
- Read your essay aloud – some parts may sound different when they are vocalized. Pay attention to the tone of your writing and ensure that subsequent essay parts develop at, approximately, the same pace.
- Concentrate on single sentences. In this way, you will avoid getting confused by the flow of what you meant to say. It will simplify focusing on the logic of selected fragments rather than some general impressions of the essay as a whole.
Moreover, you can keep dictionaries and citation manuals at hand. You may want to consult them regardless of whether you think your language use and references are correct or not.
How to Edit Academic Essays
Editing is exactly what follows proofreading results. With all mistakes noted down or marked within the body of your essay, you can proceed to improve the overall quality of your writing:
- Identify and get rid of repetitions – diversify linking phrases, remove unnecessary adverbs and adjectives, revise and diversify your word choice – consult relevant dictionaries about words you often misspell or repeat;
- Polish your transition sentences – make sure they provide a smooth introduction to further content by bringing the relevance of previous paragraph(s) in a reader-friendly fashion;
- See what you can do about analogical word-count schemes in all paragraphs. You should avoid mixing exceptionally long paragraphs with shorter ones;
- Improve the quality of topic and concluding sentences;
- Introduce any necessary changes into the title of your essay – make sure it accounts for what the paper contains; it should be transparent but not excessively suggestive;
- Read again your conclusion and make sure it provides a comprehensive overview of your thesis and restates its validity;
- Check your citations and make sure all references follow the guidelines of adequate style.
It’s worth jotting down your mistakes and remarks on a separate piece of paper. You may need to revise your writing skills periodically and avoid repeating the same mistakes throughout your college years.
How Peer Reviews Improve Essays
If it is true that “two heads are better than one,” then three or more must be even better. In the case of peer-reviewing, several eyes examining a student’s paper often make for better academic writing.
What is a Peer Review?
A peer review is simply a class session (many times an English composition class) dedicated to students reviewing each other’s papers. Sometimes the instructor will have specific instructions for the review session (for example, a set of questions to answer or particular things to look for), but others will simply ask their students to read their fellow students’ papers and give feedback.
If a student doesn’t have specific instructions, he should simply try his best to give the kind of feedback he would like to receive.
Why Participate in Peer Reviews?
Peer reviewing is more common in classes (both high school and college) now than in the past. Many English classes utilize the concept of peer reviews for many reasons.
- All students are working on the same type of paper, so students should be familiar with what is expected of the assignment. It stands to reason that a student can give feedback just as an instructor can. However, an instructor-grading anywhere from 25 to 30 papers-cannot give feedback as quickly to a large group as several classmates can give to a student, but she can play referee and coach, walking around the room, answering questions.
- Students often learn just as much by giving as by getting feedback. For example, a student might be reading a peer’s paper and realize that the transitions are clunky, making the essay hard to understand. He will likely then return to his paper, looking for the same types of problems and having some ideas of how to fix them.
- Sometimes a peer’s feedback is easier to understand than an instructor’s. An instructor might tell a student she needs to fix a comma splice, while a peer might simply say to the writer, “You need to make this into two sentences.”
How Does a Peer Review Work?
Again, each instructor will conduct peer reviews a little differently, but students should expect to do the following:
- Bring several copies of his essay to class.
- Read over one, two, or more essays and be expected to give feedback.
- The reviewer may have to give verbal or written feedback or both. He should be prepared to explain his comments.
To give the best feedback, a reviewer should do as follows:
- Be honest. Saying a paper is “great” might be an ego booster, but it isn’t helpful to the writer if it’s not true.
- Be sensitive. While the reviewer should be honest, she doesn’t have to be scathing. If a person needs to explain a concept better, it’s okay to say just that. The reviewer doesn’t have to say “it’s awful” to communicate that a paper needs work.
- Be respectful. The writer has worked just as hard on his paper as the reviewer has on hers.
- Be constructive. What type of comments will help the writer want to revise his paper? Global feedback-that is, looking at the “big picture” of the essay-is often more helpful than line-by-line editing.
- Answer general questions such as, “Is the thesis easy to identify?” “Was the essay confusing or easy to read?” “Was the paper well organized?”
Two Heads are Better Than One
A peer review might seem a little foreign to a student who has never undergone the process before. Some students don’t feel positive about the process at first or hesitate because they are afraid of what their peers might think. However, most peer review sessions are constructive and helpful to students. The key is a positive attitude and a willingness to learn.