dental implant our understanding about the procedure

The modern lifestyle and food habits cause a lot of problems to different parts of our body. One of them is our teeth. Sweet and acidic substances cause our teeth to become weak and decay. 

Junk food and soft drinks are such foods that are rich in acids and sugars. One should minimize the intake of such foods. Foods rich in carbohydrates can also cause plaque and ultimately, tooth decay. 

If one has munched foods that are rich in carbohydrates like rice or potatoes, presumably he/she should have a good oral care routine to clear mouth from any leftover food. If food, rich in carbohydrates is left behind in one’s mouth, bacteria in the mouth will partially digest the food, producing various acids in the process. 

These acids erode the enamel of the teeth, thereby forming cavities. If left untreated, more bacteria will act on the cavity, making it bigger and ultimately, one could entirely lose one’s tooth or teeth. 

The combination of oral bacteria, acids on the teeth, and leftover food are referred to as plaque. It’s somewhat white and causes cavities. Prevention is better than cure (costly one). So one should have good food habits and proper oral care routine to avoid teeth related problems.

SOLUTIONS FOR TOOTH DECAY OR TOOTH LOSS: 

A lost tooth can be replaced temporarily or permanently. The permanent treatments that involve the drilling of the jaw bone are called endosteal treatments. The temporary treatments where synthetic teeth sets are fitted on top of the jaw bone are called subperiosteal treatments. 

People today, prefer permanent solutions to their dental problems like dental implants or root canal therapy. Only the old people who can’t withstand the permanent solutions opt for temporary fixes like removable dentures, teeth bridge set and artificial teeth set.

Having synthetic teeth will cause no sensation when tasting the food. Once lost, if teeth aren’t replaced immediately, they will cause the surface of gums to become highly uneven, and the teeth surrounding the lost tooth will begin to grow awkwardly, causing toothaches. 

Now let us have a look at the procedure involved in dental implant step by step.

DENTAL IMPLANT PROCEDURE: 

This procedure, in short means to extract the decayed or damaged tooth and replace it with a new one. The new tooth is sometimes called as a Prosthetic tooth. It consists of three parts, namely the crown or the new tooth, the white abutment, and the root frame. The procedure for a dental implant is as follows:

  • First, the patient is checked whether he/she can handle dental implantation surgery. If the patient is too old or if his/her jaw bone is fragile or has some allergies or other ailments, the patient is then advised against dental implantation.
  • The damaged tooth or teeth are extracted using specialized equipment.
  • The jaw gum is cut open, and the jaw bone is drilled using specialized drilling equipment. The diameter of the drilling head can vary from 2.3 mm to 4.3 mm, depending on which tooth needs to be replaced and how deep drilling has to be done. Smaller tooth like incisors require less big drillers, and larger teeth like canines, premolars, and molars need more bulky drillers.
  • Then the implant frame is drilled down and fixed in the jaw bone. The implant frame is always made of titanium because it fools the body into thinking that it’s just another bone tissue.
  • The jaw gums are stitched back together, and a small cap is attached to the implant frame using a screw.
  • For people whose jawbones are relatively weak, a gap of two to six months is given to recover from the tooth extraction procedure. This time is called the ‘healing period.’
  • For people whose jawbones are relatively very strong, the dental implantation procedure can begin right after the extraction process. An anesthetic is administered during all the phases of the surgery.
  • The healing cap is removed, and an abutment is fixed to the root frame via a screw.
  • A mold of the abutment is made for testing purposes. The replacement crown is custom made to fit the abutment perfectly.
  • The custom made replacement crown is attached to the abutment via cement or a screw.

IS DENTAL IMPLANT ADVISABLE?

is dental implant advisable

A dental implant gives a permanent solution to replacing lost teeth; besides, modern technology has a 98 percent success rate. However, there are still a few concerns.

  • The patient should have the capacity to withstand the treatment. Aged patients or sick patients cannot face dental implantation surgery.
  • Dental implantation surgery is quite costly, ranging from the US $3000 to the US $5000. So the common man needs to save up before undertaking this surgery.
  • Despite the advent of technology, accidents in dental implantation surgery are still possible –  fracture of the root frame, misplacement of the root frame, damage to the surrounding tissues due to too much pressure applied on the root frame, development of infection around the operated area, etc. So one must visit a reputed clinic or hospital for dental implantation surgery to elude such accidents.

Also Read, How Important Is Nutrition For Your Body

BOTTOM LINE

If you have unfortunately lost a tooth or if you feel your tooth is about to fall off and you can afford a dental implant surgery, then go for it! Not treating fallen teeth can cause other teeth to grow improperly or spread infection, amongst other problems. Dental implant surgery is far better than having removable dentures, fixed bridges, etc.