The saying “who needs a gun when you have a keyboard” has become a dominating headline nowadays. Whether it be a typical hacker who does it for fun or government agencies trying to have a peek into classified information, the internet world has now become a binary battlefield.
A fifteen-year-old troublemaker Michael Calce (MafiaBoy), with his mischievous ordeal, unleashed a DDOS attack on numerous websites, which resulted in a damage bill of 1.2 billion dollars. The victims also included high-profile websites like Amazon, CNN, eBay, and Yahoo!
This kind of security breach happens all the time in cyberspace, that’s why building a system that cannot be penetrated by more enthusiastic 15-year-olds, and other hackers is a top priority.
You definitely don’t want to be in the category where you don’t even know the company is hacked! Let me show you how Mitre ATT&CK can help you isolate and detect the hacker’s activity in the heart of your network. Do you want to find out?
What is Mitre ATT&CK? Is it Useful?
MITRE ATT&CK is a globally-accessible model that is used to document and detect hackers’ techniques in the stages of a cyberattack aiming to infiltrate your network to extract your data and confidential information.
ATT&CK stands for Adversarial Tactics, Techniques, and Common Knowledge. It’s a masterpiece developed to understand your enemy better and defend your territorial network from cyberattacks.
Is it useful?
The word useful can be an understatement as it helps in mapping defensive controls, finding the cyber hunter, tool integrations, and many more.
What Does Mitre ATT&CK Do? How to Use it?
Compared to the Cyber Kill Chain, Mitre ATT&CK depends on the techniques by tactics with no order of operations. It categorizes the adversarial behaviors according to real-world observations.
ATT&CK has a structured list of attackers that have been formed into tactics and techniques which assist in identifying the adversary’s malicious behavior. It can aid red teams as well as a blue team alike.
Mitre can ensure that it has better leverage to get a grip on what hackers are going to do, barricade threats and ensure whether the right mitigations are in order.
How To Implement Mitre ATT&CK Framework? 11 Best Tactics of ATT&CK Framework.
Adversaries lurk around the network before we even try to detect them, how do they get in the system? What are they doing? What are they trying to access? To answer all these questions, the Mitre ATT&CK framework looks at the problem from the perspective of the adversary itself.
There are around 291 scores of techniques, but the tactics are broken down into 11. Each tactic contains multiple techniques that can be used to mitigate the behavior of the attacker.
1. Initial Access
In this technique, the attacker tries to gain entry; it might give consistent access for external remote service or a limited usage of passwords. The attacker makes sure that it is possible to install malicious software.
It includes all the techniques that could cut off the enemy’s access. Also, hijacking codes or adding startup code.
3. Privilege escalation
In this type, the adversary is trying to gain a higher level of Privileges that is needed to penetrate your network. To make their objective successful, the adversary needs an elevated level of permission to infringe the system’s weaknesses.
4. Defense Evasion
Here, the attacker will focus on avoiding being detected. It consists of uninstalling or disabling the software or encrypting the data. They specialize in hiding their malicious code.
5. Credential Access
In this tactic, the hackers will be allowed inside a protected network, granting key access to infrastructure points. Stealing passwords and account names is their main goal.
Adversaries will be able to observe the environment and brace themselves for how they are going to implement the plan. The technique allows the hacker to explore what they can get their hands on and for which the access is controlled.
7. Lateral Movement
The hackers inside a protected perimeter can obtain sensitive data in the network. Adversaries may install their own tools for lateral movement to look stealthier.
Every adversary has his own interest in going along with the hacking process. The collection tactic is the step where the hacker will strive to gather information and sources for their objectives. It involves capturing screenshots and keyboard input.
9. Command and Control
The adversaries blend in with your expected traffic and practically gain access to do anything in your network. They’ll mimic the normal control and stealthily communicate with your compromised system.
Exfiltration consists of techniques where the hacker is trying to steal data. Compressing the encryption and transferring command and control channel is the main target.
In this technique, the adversary will manipulate, interrupt, your systems and data by disrupting operational processes in your business. Sometimes, your network may look completely normal, but it might be altered to fit the hackers’ goal.
What Are The Things Mitre ATT&CK Does? How Does it Help Us From Any Kind of Cyber-Attack?
The ATT&CK framework notably prioritizes helping the organizations, end-users, and the government to enlighten the threat intelligence. The language used is standardized and accessible worldwide.
The framework can be structured in such a way that the information around the adversaries’ behaviors can be easily mitigated using the highest level techniques. It helps in detecting how particular hacking information is stolen and implementing it in the future to understand the way it was infiltrated.
Nobody can forget how the Russian hackers used WMI to infiltrate credentials linked to the attack on Ukrainian energy companies by gathering victim host details.
Cyber-attacks have become more creative and complex nowadays that it’s actually hard to keep track of them, so Mitre ATT&CK is the company that is doing a great job documenting the work of cybercriminals.
It is available on the webpages, a matrix comprising the various attack methods and stages of the execution. The three main matrices are- Pre ATT&CK Matrix, Enterprise Matrix (Linux, macOS, Windows), and Mobile matrix.
The page is ready to tell you if you go to any of the matrices about how to block access and mitigate the attack type.
How Relevant is Mitre ATT&CK? Does it Provide the Right Data?
Mitre ATT&CK proves to be a relevant analyzer by providing the right data-
- Adversary emulation helps in understanding the techniques of cyber attackers who target your network and operational processes.
- Assessing the security gaps in your network and addressing the terms of improvement and protective measures.
- The information accessed by ATT&CK can give a red team the necessary intelligence and support to build tighter and efficient attack simulations.
How Many Mitre ATT&CK Techniques are There at Present? 3 Top Techniques You Must Be Aware of in 2021.
At present, there are around 291 techniques as per record 11 tactics, which I have already mentioned above. Now, let’s see some of the top 5 techniques that are used to prevent and detect cyber attacks.
1. Priority Definition Planning
This technique comes under the Pre-Attack Matrix tactic. It consists of the processes for determining the key intelligence questions and topics.
An analyst might outline the current information available by determining the gaps in existing key intelligence questions and topics.
2. Target Selection
This technique involves outlining the specifics of how the attacker would like to proceed with the target. Here, the target may be defined as an object that implements a function considering the engagement.
3. Technical Information Gathering
It includes understanding the intelligence of an adversary that is needed to attack the target. Technical intelligence-gathering helps in gathering and intrinsically understanding the target’s email format, network services, security procedures, and architecture of the network.
Types of Cyber-Attacks You Must Be Aware of And How to Improve Your Security With The MITRE ATT&CK Matrices.
The 10 most common cyber-attacks that you must be aware of are-
- Denial of Service (DOS)
- Man-in-the-middle (MitM)
- Phishing and spear-phishing attacks
- Drive-by attack
- Password attack
- SQL injection attack
- Cross-site scripting (XSS) attack
- Eavesdropping attack
- Birthday attack
- Malware attack
Mitre ATT&CK Matrices can be used to test your network and its strengths and weaknesses. Examining your network when working with a third-party vendor is safe and sound practice.
Having Mitre ATT&Ck as your defense system to protect your organization is valid.
Let’s see some of the use cases of its framework.
1. Intrusion emulation-
It can be used as a tool for inventing a scenario of a network.
2. Red team training–
The ATT&CK matrix is used to conduct security testing. Red team training is effective in improving the network’s performance.
3. Visualization of security vulnerabilities–
Cybersecurity spending of the management can be easily analyzed by the Mitre ATT&CK matrices, which are very understandable for someone who is not familiar with it.
What Do People Think About Mitre ATT&CK? According to The Internet Research And People’s Review.
Don’t you want to know what people think about the amazing Mitre ATT&CK Framework? Let’s find out how it helped people and the organizations so far-
All In All
Mitre ATT&CK framework is an amazing database that helps in evaluating the network’s security system in defense of cybercrimes. Another important use of ATT&CK is how it assists in detecting adversaries’ actions.
The resources are built to develop analytics to detect the techniques used by an attacker.
In any case, using the ATT&CK matrix in your organization is an excellent practice, and many cybersecurity vendors are using it for testing security services.
1. How many Mitre tactics are there?
There are 11 tactics in the Mitre ATT&CK framework with 100’s of techniques accompanying them. As of now, there are 291 techniques.
2. What does ATT&CK stand for?
ATT&CK stands for Adversarial Tactics, Techniques, and Common Knowledge. It is developed by Mitre corp and has been there for the past 5 years observing millions of attacks on enterprise networks.
3. Is Mitre a think tank?
Based in Boston; Mitre Corp is a not-for-profit Pentagon think tank. Mitre operates multiple federally funded research and development centers. They work across the government with FFRDCs and public-private partnerships.
4. What are The Common Attack Patterns?
HTTP response splitting, Session fixation, cross-site request forgery, SQL injection, and many more are some of the common attack patterns.
5. Which step of the Mitre ATT&CK framework is associated with adversaries moving between computers in order to further their operations?
Lateral movement has the techniques that are used by the adversaries to enter and control remote systems on the network.